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Recommended Depth of Exploration for Site Investigation

Soil is a complex and highly variable product of nature, and the extent of this variation is known in advance. As a result, site...

Water Bars (Water Stops) – Uses, Types, and Applications

In reinforced concrete water retaining/excluding structures, a potential source of leakage or water ingress is the construction joint, and that is why water bars...

Massive Diaphragm Wall Reinforcement Installation (Video and Discussion)

A video was recently shared on Linkedin showing a huge and long reinforcement cage for a diaphragm wall being put in place. Please watch...

How to Plaster a Block Wall

Plastering is the process of covering a wall surface with a thin layer of mortar for protection and decorative purposes. It is usually the...

The Everyday Engineer

What comes to your mind when you hear the word engineering? Does it bring to your imagination skyscrapers, bridges, highways, tech devices as well...

Cost of building a duplex in Nigeria (foundation to DPC)

The cost of building a duplex in Nigeria varies, and it is generally influenced by the size of the building, the price of construction...

Important checklists before casting concrete on site

Concreting or casting days are usually big days for site engineers. It is very typical to see engineers and project managers work very hard...

Tips for Civil Engineering Job Interviews

Landing a good job soon after graduation is the dream of many young civil engineering students. On the other hand, as a professional engineer...

Cement Standards and Applications in Nigeria

Cement is one of the most popular construction materials in Nigeria, and has been extensively utilised in civil engineering works such as building construction,...

How to Achieve Grade 25 Concrete on Site

The characteristic compressive strength of concrete to be used in construction is usually specified in the working drawings, design calculation sheets, and contract documents....

Construction of Underground Water/Septic Tanks by Sinking

Underground water retaining structures have wide applications in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. According to Lagos State Development Laws (2005), a building with more...

How to Calculate Crackwidth Due to Bending According to EC2 (Download Excel Spreadsheet)

Cracking is normal in reinforced concrete structures subjected to bending, shear, twisting, axial tension, and restraint from movement. This is mainly due to the...

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Guidelines for Tying of Reinforcement

In the construction of reinforced concrete structures, reinforcement bars must be tied together in order to hold them in place and to also facilitate...

Cost of Reinforcement Works in Nigeria

Installation of reinforcements is an important item of work in the construction of reinforced concrete structures. The cost of reinforcement works therefore significantly impacts...

Design of Shear Walls

Shear walls are structural members that provide additional lateral stiffness to a building by resisting shear, moment, and axial forces, which are produced due...

Technical Guide: Detailing and Arrangement of Beam Reinforcements on Site

Beams are horizontal structural elements used for supporting lateral loads. In conventional reinforced concrete structures, beams usually receive load from the floor slab, but...
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