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Eurocode 2

Design of Reinforced Concrete (R.C) Columns

Columns are vertical or inclined compression members used for transferring superstructure load to the foundation. The structural design of reinforced concrete (R.C.) columns involves...

Design of Reinforced Concrete (R.C.) Beams

Beams are horizontal structural elements designed to carry lateral loads. When they are inclined or slanted, they are referred to as raker beams. Floor...

Minimum Area of Reinforcement Required for Reinforced Concrete Beams

In reinforced concrete beams, the minimum area of longitudinal reinforcement required is given by; As,min = 0.26 (fctm / fyk) bt d   ≥ 0.0013 bt d ---- (1) where:fctm is the...

Deflection of Structures According to Eurocode 2

Checking for deflection is an important serviceability limit state (SLS) requirement in the design of structures. This check ensures that the structure does not...

Structural Design of Corbels

A corbel is a very short structural cantilever member projecting from a wall or a column for the purpose of carrying loads. In reinforced...

Types of Floor Systems for Steel Framed Buildings

Floors in buildings have a primary function of carrying loads and supporting the activities of the occupants. In addition to carrying loads, floors in...

Vibration Serviceability of Composite Slabs

Vibration analysis of floors is not entirely new in the field of structural engineering. Numerous studies and researches have been devoted to human-structure interaction,...

Design of Pile Cap Using Staad Foundation Advanced

Pile caps are rigid plate structures that are used to transfer superstructure load from columns to a group of piles. They are usually subjected...

Lapping of Reinforcements and Use of Rebar Couplers – Peculiarities and Differences

In reinforced concrete buildings, it is almost impossible to carry out construction without lapping reinforcements at one point or another. This is due to...

The Role of Compression Steel in Deflection of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Deflection is one of the most important serviceability limit state criteria in the design of reinforced concrete structures. Excessive deflection in a structure can...

Design of Bridge Pier and Pier Cap

Bridge pier caps are horizontal structural members used for transferring bridge deck loads to the piers, before they are transferred to the foundation. They...

Cracking Due to Edge Restraint and Early Thermal Effects in Concrete

Crack width is calculated by multiplying the crack inducing strain by the crack spacing (i.e. the movement over a length equal to the crack...

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