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Reinforced Concrete Design

Design of Reinforced Concrete Columns

Columns are vertical or inclined compression members used for transferring superstructure load to the foundation. The structural design of reinforced concrete columns involves the...

Design of Reinforced Concrete Beams

Beams are horizontal structural elements designed to carry lateral loads. When they are inclined or slanted, they are referred to as raker beams. Floor...

Reinforced Concrete Structures

Concrete is arguably the most widely used construction material in the world. It is produced from a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water...

Minimum Area of Reinforcement Required for Reinforced Concrete Beams

In reinforced concrete beams, the minimum area of longitudinal reinforcement required is given by; As,min = 0.26 (fctm / fyk) bt d   ≥ 0.0013 bt d ---- (1) where:fctm is the...

Application of Wind Load to Shear Walls – A Manual Approach

The higher a building a goes, the higher the effects of lateral forces such as wind on the structure become. Shear walls are...

Deflection of Structures According to Eurocode 2

Checking for deflection is an important serviceability limit state (SLS) requirement in the design of structures. This check ensures that the structure does not...

Effect of Impact Load on Lap Length of Reinforcements in RC Structures

Lap length and anchorage length of reinforcements is very important for continuity, strength, and ease of construction in reinforced concrete structures. When reinforcements are...

Structural Design and Detailing Standards in Nigeria

The body mandated by law to regulate all engineering activities in Nigeria is the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN). For...

Structural Design of Corbels

A corbel is a very short structural cantilever member projecting from a wall or a column for the purpose of carrying loads. In reinforced...

Design of Composite Slab with Profile Metal Deck

Composite slab with profiled metal decking provides economical solutions for floors of steel framed building systems. This is because they are easier to install,...

Design of Pile Cap Using Staad Foundation Advanced

Pile caps are rigid plate structures that are used to transfer superstructure load from columns to a group of piles. They are usually subjected...

Lapping of Reinforcements and Use of Rebar Couplers – Peculiarities and Differences

In reinforced concrete buildings, it is almost impossible to carry out construction without lapping reinforcements at one point or another. This is due to...

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Guidelines for Tying of Reinforcement

In the construction of reinforced concrete structures, reinforcement bars must be tied together in order to hold them in place and to also facilitate...

Cost of Reinforcement Works in Nigeria

Installation of reinforcements is an important item of work in the construction of reinforced concrete structures. The cost of reinforcement works therefore significantly impacts...

Design of Shear Walls

Shear walls are structural members that provide additional lateral stiffness to a building by resisting shear, moment, and axial forces, which are produced due...

Technical Guide: Detailing and Arrangement of Beam Reinforcements on Site

Beams are horizontal structural elements used for supporting lateral loads. In conventional reinforced concrete structures, beams usually receive load from the floor slab, but...
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