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Reinforced Concrete Design

Design of Shear Walls

Shear walls are structural members that provide additional lateral stiffness to a building by resisting shear, moment, and axial forces, which are produced due...

Technical Guide: Detailing and Arrangement of Beam Reinforcements on Site

Beams are horizontal structural elements used for supporting lateral loads. In conventional reinforced concrete structures, beams usually receive load from the floor slab, but...

Precast Lintels: A Cost and Time-Saving Solution in Construction

A lintel is a secondary structural member used to support a wall spanning above an opening in a masonry wall. They are usually categorised...

Bar Bending Schedule: Preparation, Applications, and Standards

On a construction site, there are different quality control/quality assurance systems to ensure the efficient delivery of a project. One of these is the...

Design of Reinforced Concrete (R.C) Columns

Columns are vertical or inclined compression members used for transferring superstructure load to the foundation. The structural design of reinforced concrete (R.C.) columns involves...

Design of Reinforced Concrete (R.C.) Beams

Beams are horizontal structural elements designed to carry lateral loads. When they are inclined or slanted, they are referred to as raker beams. Floor...

Reinforced Concrete Structures

Concrete is arguably the most widely used construction material in the world. It is produced from a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water...

Minimum Area of Reinforcement Required for Reinforced Concrete Beams

In reinforced concrete beams, the minimum area of longitudinal reinforcement required is given by; As,min = 0.26 (fctm / fyk) bt d   ≥ 0.0013 bt d ---- (1) where:fctm is the...

Application of Wind Load to Shear Walls – A Manual Approach

The higher a building a goes, the higher the effects of lateral forces such as wind on the structure become. Shear walls are...

Deflection of Structures According to Eurocode 2

Checking for deflection is an important serviceability limit state (SLS) requirement in the design of structures. This check ensures that the structure does not...

Effect of Impact Load on Lap Length of Reinforcements in RC Structures

Lap length and anchorage length of reinforcements is very important for continuity, strength, and ease of construction in reinforced concrete structures. When reinforcements are...

Structural Design and Detailing Standards in Nigeria

The body mandated by law to regulate all engineering activities in Nigeria is the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN). For...

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