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Minimum Area of Reinforcement Required for Reinforced Concrete Beams

In reinforced concrete beams, the minimum area of longitudinal reinforcement required is given by; As,min = 0.26 (fctm / fyk) bt d   ≥ 0.0013 bt d ---- (1) where:fctm is the...

Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Steel Beams According to Eurocode 3

When a laterally unrestrained beam is subjected to bending about the major axis, there is a need to check for lateral-torsional buckling. Lateral-torsional buckling...

Deflection of Structures According to Eurocode 2

Checking for deflection is an important serviceability limit state (SLS) requirement in the design of structures. This check ensures that the structure does not...

Design of Steel Beams for Combined Bending and Shear

It is very common to see bending moment and shear force act simultaneously in structural members. However, when the shear force under consideration is...

Effect of Impact Load on Lap Length of Reinforcements in RC Structures

Lap length and anchorage length of reinforcements is very important for continuity, strength, and ease of construction in reinforced concrete structures. When reinforcements are...

Static and Kinematic Determinacy of Structures

A structure is a system of connected parts designed to resist load. Kinematical analysis is very important in the evaluation of the capacity of...

Structural Design of Corbels

A corbel is a very short structural cantilever member projecting from a wall or a column for the purpose of carrying loads. In reinforced...

Types of Floor Systems for Steel Framed Buildings

Floors in buildings have a primary function of carrying loads and supporting the activities of the occupants. In addition to carrying loads, floors in...

Vibration Serviceability of Composite Slabs

Vibration analysis of floors is not entirely new in the field of structural engineering. Numerous studies and researches have been devoted to human-structure interaction,...

Design of Composite Slab with Profile Metal Deck

Composite slab with profiled metal decking provides economical solutions for floors of steel framed building systems. This is because they are easier to install,...

How to Offset Beams in Staad Pro (with video tutorials)

In some cases, structural members are not perfectly connected to each other along their centroidal axis. This can be as a result of structural...

Application of Courbon’s Theory in the Analysis of T-Beam Bridge Decks

Courbon’s theory is one of the popular classical methods of analysing slab and beam girder (T-beam) bridges. However, the results obtained from the method...

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