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Lapping of Reinforcements and Use of Rebar Couplers – Peculiarities and Differences

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In reinforced concrete buildings, it is almost impossible to carry out construction without lapping reinforcements at one point or another. This...

Structville Announces Webinar on Design of Roof Trusses (July, 2020)

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In our core commitment to provide a flexible platform for learning, improvement, and disseminating civil engineering knowledge, we are delighted to...

Water Bars (Water Stops) – Uses, Types, and Applications

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In reinforced concrete water retaining/excluding structures, a potential source of leakage or water ingress is the construction joint, and that is...

Effects of Wind on Different Configurations of Telecommunication Masts

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Telecommunication masts or towers are tall structures that are designed for transmission of telecommunication signals or for radio/television broadcasting. Telecom masts...

BRIDGES

Analysis and Design of Box Culvert Using Staad Pro

In our last post, we were able to establish how we can load box culverts properly. If you missed the post, kindly follow the...

Static Analysis of Suspension Bridges: A solved Example

Cables are made from high-strength steel wires twisted together, and present a flexible system, which can resist loads only by axial tension. Use of...

Analysis and design of counterfort retaining walls using Staad Pro

Retaining walls are structures used for supporting earth at different levels. There are different types of retaining walls such as cantilever retaining...

Analysis and Design of Arch Bridges

The use of arches as a structural form can be dated back to antiquity. Arch structures are unique structural forms which...

Analysis of Wind Load on Bridge Decks

In the design of bridges, environmental actions such as wind, snow, and temperature should also be considered alongside traffic actions. In this...

Analysis of Box Girder Bridges Using Staad Pro

A box girder is formed when two web plates are joined by a common flange at both the top and the bottom....

GENERAL CIVIL ENGINEERING

Natural Frequency Analysis of Multistorey Frames Using Staad Pro

https://youtu.be/dqxGIy9fcvo Vibration (or Oscillation) is a time-dependent, repeated motion which a body undergoes when it is excited...

Basic Information on Fire Protection of Buildings

Fire outbreak is a problem in buildings since it causes loss of human lives, injuries, destruction of properties, and poses serious environmental challenges. Injury and...

How To Apply Wind Load on High Rise Buildings

The effect of wind on a building gets more significant as the height of the building increases. In this post, wind load analysis has...

BRIDGES

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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Truss Using Force Method: Solved Example

Introduction Indeterminate trusses are analysed usually analysed using force method or direct stiffness method. In this post, we are going to analyse step by step,...

Sinking of Supports of Propped Cantilever Beams

1.0 Introduction Settlement of foundations occur due to load from buildings. Geotechnical engineers are usually interested in seeing that the settlements are uniform, while at...

Structural Analysis of Free Standing Staircase: A Comparative Example

Free standing staircase offers very pleasing solution for vertical circulation in residential and commercial buildings. They are usually constructed in such a way that...

On the Deformation of Statically Indeterminate Frames Using Force Method

Structures deform when loaded. These deformations are often expressed in the form of deflections (translations) and rotations (slope). The knowledge about the deformation of...

Loading and Design of Box Culverts to Eurocodes

Introduction A culvert is a drainage structure designed to convey storm water or stream of limited flow across a roadway. Culverts can consist of single...

Design of Reinforced Concrete Slanted / Raker Beams

Inclined beams (often called raker beams) are often found in structures like pedestrian bridges, ramps, staircases, stadiums, etc. Due to their geometry, these beams...

Comparative Analysis of Cylindrical Water Tanks

Water tanks are usually rectangular or cylindrical in shape. Cylindrical tanks are normally used for surface or elevated water tanks. Some...

Effects of Temperature Difference on Cylindrical Tanks

In our last post, we were able to evaluate the effect of temperature difference on rectangular tanks. In this article, we are...

Latest Reviews

Deep Learning can be used to Detect Cracks in Fire Damaged Structures

Researchers from Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea, have proposed a machine learning technique for detecting surface cracks on fire damaged concrete....

BIM can Assist Construction Robots in Object Recognition

The construction industry remains one of the least automated industries which depend on manual human labour for maximum productivity. The role...

3D Building Services Systems Integration in Design of Buildings

Building service systems (BSS) are important components that makes a building functional and habitable. BSS includes piping network of fresh water...

TMT Reinforcements Can Change Design Specifications in Nigeria

Nigeria’s reinforcement market is usually categorised into ‘local’ and ‘foreign’ reinforcements which are priced differently in the market. Local reinforcements are...

Waste Tyres can Improve Seismic Performance of Integral Abutment Bridges

Resuse of about 1.5 billion waste tyres that are produced annually worldwide inspired this research on the behaviour of rubberised backfills for...

GENERAL

How to Analyse Sub-frames For Column Design Moment

In our last post, I highlighted the different methods of loading sub-frames such as to obtain the maximum design moment on the columns (Follow...

Human Factors in Civil Engineering Design and Construction

Human factors or ergonomics is understood to be a body of knowledge that deals with the interaction of human beings with...

ProtaStructures Conference/Live Event Coming Up in Nigeria

ProtaSoftware in conjuction with ApeleDesigns invites you to the first ever live event/conference in Nigeria. ProtaStructure is the all-in-one package for multi-material modelling with steel,...

Advise on the Stability of this Structure

As a structural engineer, advise the client/architect on the stability of the structure, distinguishing between transient and permanent situation.Height - 11.28 mLength - 20.00...

PRACTICAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL ROOF TRUSSES TO EUROCODE 3: A SAMPLE DESIGN

1.0 INTRODUCTION The most widespread alternative for roof construction in Nigeria is the use of trusses, of which timber and steel are the primary choice...

Example on the Analysis and Design of Continuous Slab and Beam Footing Per BS 8110-1:1997

The design presented here is just an excerpt from my final year project ‘Structural Analysis and Design of 35,000 Capacity Reinforced Concrete Stadium’. After...

CONCRETE STRUCTURES

In civil engineering construction works, contractors bidding for a job are always required to specify the rate they will use in executing...
Shear failure usually occurs in form diagonal cracks, and must be checked under ultimate limit state during the structural design of buildings. In reinforced...

GEOTECHNICS

The West African Standard Compaction Test

The West African Standard (WAS) compaction test is a type of compaction procedure that utilises intermediate compaction energy (compactive effort) for densification...

A simpler Approach to the Design of Ground Beams Using Staad Pro

Ground beams are employed in reinforced concrete substructures for a lot of reasons. Ground beams can be differentiated from plinth beams due to a...

Solved Example on Elastic Settlement of Shallow Foundations

This post presents a solved example on elastic settlement of shallow foundations. Foundation settlement is mainly made up of elastic (or immediate) settlement, Se,...

Structural Design of Flat Raft Foundation (Rigid Approach)

IntroductionThe conventional rigid combined footing approach is a method of analysing raft foundation using simple statics without any consideration of the elastic...

STEEL DESIGN

Simplified Design of Welded Connection to Eurocode 3

In our previous post, we were able to present an example on the design of fillet welds for truss members using two different approaches....

Design of Roof Purlins

  (Image Copyright belongs to Albion Sections Limited, UK) Roof purlin are members used to directly support roof sheeting materials, and could...

Effects of Wind on Different Configurations of Telecommunication Masts

Telecommunication masts or towers are tall structures that are designed for transmission of telecommunication signals or for radio/television broadcasting. Telecom masts...

How to Design Fillet Weld connection for Steel Trusses (EC3)

In modern construction, the commonest methods of connecting steel members are by bolting and welding. Eurocode 3 identifies different types of welding such as; ...

Construction

Procedures in Setting out of Reinforced Concrete Columns

Columns are critical structural elements used in transmitting superstructure load to the substructure. As a result, their stability and structural resistance is...

Example on the Analysis and Design of Continuous Slab and Beam Footing Per BS 8110-1:1997

The design presented here is just an excerpt from my final year project ‘Structural Analysis and Design of 35,000 Capacity Reinforced Concrete Stadium’. After...

How to Estimate the Quantity of Sand and Cement Required for Moulding Blocks

In Nigeria, 9 inches hollow block (450mm x 225mm x 225mm) is normally employed for the construction of block work of buildings exceeding one...

Compaction Pressure of Machines on Retaining Walls

In the construction of earth retaining structures, it is very common to excavate the area, construct the earth retaining structure, backfill with...

LATEST ARTICLES

Effects of Wind on Different Configurations of Telecommunication Masts

Telecommunication masts or towers are tall structures that are designed for transmission of telecommunication signals or for radio/television broadcasting. Telecom masts...

Lapping of Reinforcements and Use of Rebar Couplers – Peculiarities and Differences

In reinforced concrete buildings, it is almost impossible to carry out construction without lapping reinforcements at one point or another. This...

Water Bars (Water Stops) – Uses, Types, and Applications

In reinforced concrete water retaining/excluding structures, a potential source of leakage or water ingress is the construction joint, and that is...

Structville Announces Webinar on Design of Roof Trusses (July, 2020)

In our core commitment to provide a flexible platform for learning, improvement, and disseminating civil engineering knowledge, we are delighted to...

Massive Diaphragm Wall Reinforcement Installation (Video and Discussion)

A video was recently shared on Linkedin showing a huge and long reinforcement cage for a diaphragm wall being put in...

Differences Between a Bridge and a Culvert

It is generally said that all culverts are bridges but not all bridges are culverts. Bridges are structures that are designed...

Wheel Load Dispersal on Box Culverts

Typically, anyone who wishes to design box culverts should be very familiar with design loading for bridges. In the UK and...

High Temperature Behaviour of Concrete Produced with Desert Sand

There has always been some issues with the use of desert sand as a construction material due to the fact that...

Vanity Walls in Toilets as an Alternative Route for Waste Pipes

For a building to be useful, the structural integrity and building services such as plumbing, electrical fittings, HVAC, etc must be...

The Two Aspects of Civil Engineering – How Do You Hire the Right Person?

The civil engineering industry is wide and unique. There are different fields in civil engineering such as structures, highway and transportation,...

Most Popular

PRACTICAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL ROOF TRUSSES TO EUROCODE 3: A SAMPLE DESIGN

1.0 INTRODUCTION The most widespread alternative for roof construction in Nigeria is the use of trusses, of which timber and steel are the primary choice...

Structural Design of Swimming Pools and Underground Water Tanks

I spent a large part of the last few months developing the contents of this booklet on 'Structural Design of Underground Water Tanks and...

Structural Analysis and Design of Residential Buildings Using Staad.Pro, Orion, and Manual Calculations

This should be a long post, but I am going to try and keep it as brief as possible. This post is more like...

Structural Aspects of Pile Foundation Design: A Practical Example

Geotechnical engineers are expected to hand over soil investigation report to structural engineers, who will proceed to provide the longitudinal reinforcements needed for the...

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