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Cracking in Concrete

Eurocode recognises that cracking is normal in concrete subjected to bending, shear, torsion, and restraint from movement (clause 7.3.1 EN 1992...

Crack Width and Crack Spacing Calculation in Concrete

Cracking occurs in concrete when the restrained strain exceeds the tensile strain capacity of the concrete. In critical elements like water...

Minimum Area of Steel for Imposed Deformation Cracking

Minimum reinforcement is provided to ensure that yielding does not occur, and by so doing, cracking is adequately controlled in a...

Load Transfer from Slab to Beams – A Comparative Analysis

In the design of reinforced concrete structures, floor loads are usually transferred from slabs to beams, and from the beams, the loads...

Structural Design of Ribbed Slabs

Ribbed slab is a type of reinforced concrete slabs in which some of the volume of concrete in the tension zone is...

Analysis and Design of Cantilever Retaining Walls on Staad Pro

In this post, we are going to show how cantilever retaining walls can be analysed and designed on Staad Pro software, and also compare...

An Investigation on the Analysis of Beam and Raft Slab Using Staad Pro

Modern codes of practice are increasingly recognising the computational power of structural analysis  softwares. Staad Pro is a renowned structural analysis and design software...

Structural Design of Flat Slabs to Eurocode 2

Flat slabs can offer economical solutions to wider floor spans in a reinforced concrete building. Flat slabs are slabs that are supported directly by...

Example on Structural Design of Waffle Slab

Waffle slabs can be described as the equivalent of 2-way solid slabs especially when the spans are large, and ribbed system is to be...

Use of Polystyrene in Ribbed Slabs: Structural Design Example

For long span slabs in a building subjected to light load, ribbed slabs are more economical than solid slabs. In ribbed slab construction, reduction...

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Effects of Diesel Contamination on the Engineering Properties of Natural Soils

Soil contamination is a serious problem and major environmental problem worldwide. Oil contamination of soils can occur as a result of...

Design of Steel Beams for Combined Bending and Shear

It is very common to see bending moment and shear force act simultaneously in structural members. However, when the shear force...

Effect of Impact Load on Lap Length of Reinforcements in RC Structures

Lap length and anchorage length of reinforcements is very important for continuity, strength, and ease of construction in reinforced concrete structures....

Static and Kinematic Determinacy of Structures

A structure is a system of connected parts designed to resist load. Kinematical analysis is very important in the evaluation of...
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