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Analysis and Design of Box Culvert Using Staad Pro

In our last post, we were able to establish how we can load box culverts properly. If you missed the post, kindly follow the...

Loading and Design of Box Culverts to Eurocodes

Introduction A culvert is a drainage structure designed to convey storm water or stream of limited flow across a roadway. Culverts can consist of single...

Structural Design of Flat Slabs to Eurocode 2

Flat slabs can offer economical solutions to wider floor spans in a reinforced concrete building. Flat slabs are slabs that are supported directly by...

Example on Structural Design of Waffle Slab

Waffle slabs can be described as the equivalent of 2-way solid slabs especially when the spans are large, and ribbed system is to be...

8 Top Civil Engineering Questions (Part 2)

(1) For the structure shown in the figure below, which of the following is the most likely bending moment diagram considering linear first order...

Use of Polystyrene in Ribbed Slabs: Structural Design Example

For long span slabs in a building subjected to light load, ribbed slabs are more economical than solid slabs. In ribbed slab construction, reduction...

Comparative Analysis of Cylindrical Water Tanks

Water tanks are usually rectangular or cylindrical in shape. Cylindrical tanks are usually employed for surface or elevated water tanks. Some of the challenges...

How to Calculate Crackwidth Due to Bending According to EC2 (Download Excel Spreadsheet)

Cracking is normal in reinforced concrete structures subjected to bending, shear, twisting, axial tension, and restraint from movement. This is mainly due to the...

How to Design RC Beams for Heavy Shear Load

Shear failure usually occurs in form diagonal cracks, and must be checked under ultimate limit state during the structural design of buildings. In reinforced...

Transfer Structures: Design Example on 5-Storey Building

Transfer structures can be described as structures in which the loads from above (usually from columns or walls) are transferred to other structures (such...

Uplift Verification for Underground Structures: Solved Example

It is widely recognised that an object will float in water, if the weight is less than the upthrust. Upthrust is an upward force...

Propriety of Bending Schedules for Construction Purposes

Structural engineers usually issue bar bending schedule to clients/contractors after completing design and detailing of reinforced concrete structures. Bar bending schedules usually show the...

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Specification of Concrete for Water Retaining Structures

In the year 2017, we made a successful publication on Analysis and Design of Swimming Pools and Underground Water Tanks. In this post, we...

Comparative Design of Triangular Pile Cap with free PDF download

In our post on Structural Aspects of Pile Foundation Design, we showed how we can determine the number piles required to support...

What Engineers and Architects Should Know About Site Instruction

A site instruction is a formal written order given by the heads of a project to contractors or sub-contractors on specific projects issues such...

Structural Aspects of Pile Foundation Design: A Practical Example

Geotechnical engineers are expected to hand over soil investigation report to structural engineers, who will proceed to provide the longitudinal reinforcements needed for the...