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Thickness Design of Column Base Plate Using Prokon Software

Last year, I made a submission here on how to carry out the thickness design of column base plates. See post below; Thickness Design of Column...

How to Analyse Sub-frames For Column Design Moment

In our last post, I highlighted the different methods of loading sub-frames such as to obtain the maximum design moment on the columns (Follow...

How to Load R.C. Columns in a Building for Maximum Design Moment

Earlier this year, I made a submission on how to calculate column axial loads by considering beam support reactions. Just in case you missed...

Analysis of Column Loads in a Building By Considering Beam Support Reactions

Introduction In the manual design of reinforced concrete structures, column loads are usually assessed by considering the support reactions from beams they are supporting, or...

Comparative Design of Biaxial R.C. Columns to BS 8110 and EC2

A reinforced concrete column fixed at both ends is subjected to the following loading conditions as given below. We are required to obtain the...

How to Calculate the Anchorage and Lap Length of Steel Reinforcements According to Eurocode 2

Reinforcing bars should be well anchored so that the bond forces are safely transmitted to the concrete to avoid longitudinal cracking or spalling. Transverse...

Solved Example on Design of Slender Columns According to EC2

1.0 Introduction Loads from slabs and beams are transferred to the foundations through the columns. In typical cases, columns are usually rectangular or circular in...

Structural Analysis and Design of Residential Buildings Using Staad.Pro, Orion, and Manual Calculations

This should be a long post, but I am going to try and keep it as brief as possible. This post is more like...

Comparative Example on Design of Axially Loaded Steel Column Using EC3 and BS 5950-1:2000

In structural members subjected to compressive forces (e.g. columns and struts), secondary bending caused by, for example, imperfections within materials during fabrication processes, inaccurate...

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Formulas for Calculating Different Properties of Concrete from Compressive Strength

The most basic test done on concrete in most laboratories is the compressive strength test. Sometimes other properties of concrete such as...

Structural Design of Encased Steel Columns

Composite sections of concrete and steel have a lot of advantages especially in the structural performance and fire resistance of a building....

Difference between Autogenous and Drying Shrinkage of Concrete

Autogenous shrinkage is caused by self-dessication in young concrete as water is consumed during hydration reaction. This occurs majorly within the early...

Specification of Concrete for Water Retaining Structures

In the year 2018, we made a successful publication on Analysis and Design of Swimming Pools and Underground Water Tanks. In this post, we...