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Eurocode 2

Crack Width and Crack Spacing Calculation in Concrete

Cracking occurs in concrete when the restrained strain exceeds the tensile strain capacity of the concrete. In critical elements like water...

Minimum Area of Steel for Imposed Deformation Cracking

Minimum reinforcement is provided to ensure that yielding does not occur, and by so doing, cracking is adequately controlled in a...

Detailing of Columns to Eurocode 2

It is important to carry out proper detailing after design of reinforced concrete columns. The requirements for column detailing is outlined in...

Structural Design of Ribbed Slabs

Ribbed slab is a type of reinforced concrete slabs in which some of the volume of concrete in the tension zone is...

Formulas for Calculating Different Properties of Concrete from Compressive Strength

The most basic test done on concrete in most laboratories is the compressive strength test. Sometimes other properties of concrete such as...

Difference between Autogenous and Drying Shrinkage of Concrete

Autogenous shrinkage is caused by self-dessication in young concrete as water is consumed during hydration reaction. This occurs majorly within the early...

Manual Design of Beam and Raft Foundation to Eurocode 2 (free PDF download)

In our last post, we considered the analysis of beam and raft foundation of a G+1 building using Staad Pro software. In this particular...

Structural Design of Flat Slabs to Eurocode 2

Flat slabs can offer economical solutions to wider floor spans in a reinforced concrete building. Flat slabs are slabs that are supported directly by...

Example on Structural Design of Waffle Slab

Waffle slabs can be described as the equivalent of 2-way solid slabs especially when the spans are large, and ribbed system is to be...

Use of Polystyrene in Ribbed Slabs: Structural Design Example

For long span slabs in a building subjected to light load, ribbed slabs are more economical than solid slabs. In ribbed slab construction, reduction...

How to Calculate Crackwidth Due to Bending According to EC2 (Download Excel Spreadsheet)

Cracking is normal in reinforced concrete structures subjected to bending, shear, twisting, axial tension, and restraint from movement. This is mainly due to the...

How to Design RC Beams for Heavy Shear Load

Shear failure usually occurs in form diagonal cracks, and must be checked under ultimate limit state during the structural design of buildings. In reinforced...

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Design of Pile Foundation System for Bridge Piers

Piles are the most preferred type of foundation for supporting the piers of overhead bridges. They offer greater resistance to vertical...

Design of Bridge Pier and Pier Cap

Bridge pier caps are horizontal structural members used for transferring bridge deck loads to the piers, before they are transferred to...

Structural Stability of a Ten-Storey Braced Steel Frame

Structural stability is broadly defined as the capacity of a structure to recover equilibrium. As a topic in structural engineering, it...

What is the immediate solution to these geohazards?

Erosion, landslides, earthquakes, etc are identified are geohazards which normally require significant engineering efforts to put their effects under control. While...
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