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Eurocode 2

Lapping of Reinforcements and Use of Rebar Couplers – Peculiarities and Differences

In reinforced concrete buildings, it is almost impossible to carry out construction without lapping reinforcements at one point or another. This...

The Role of Compression Steel in Deflection of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Deflection is one of the most important serviceability limit state criteria in the design of reinforced concrete structures. Excessive deflection in...

Design of Bridge Pier and Pier Cap

Bridge pier caps are horizontal structural members used for transferring bridge deck loads to the piers, before they are transferred to...

Cracking Due to Edge Restraint and Early Thermal Effects in Concrete

Crack width is calculated by multiplying the crack inducing strain by the crack spacing (i.e. the movement over a length equal...

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Concrete

Coefficient of thermal expansion is defined as the change in unit length per degree of temperature change. In a concrete element,...

Restraint and Restraint Factors of Concrete

If movement (expansion and/or contraction) is restricted within a young concrete element, tensile stresses will develop which will lead to cracking....

Cracking in Concrete

Eurocode recognises that cracking is normal in concrete subjected to bending, shear, torsion, and restraint from movement (clause 7.3.1 EN 1992...

Crack Width and Crack Spacing Calculation in Concrete

Cracking occurs in concrete when the restrained strain exceeds the tensile strain capacity of the concrete. In critical elements like water...

Minimum Area of Steel for Imposed Deformation Cracking

Minimum reinforcement is provided to ensure that yielding does not occur, and by so doing, cracking is adequately controlled in a...

Detailing of Columns to Eurocode 2

It is important to carry out proper detailing after design of reinforced concrete columns. The requirements for column detailing is outlined in...

Structural Design of Ribbed Slabs

Ribbed slab is a type of reinforced concrete slabs in which some of the volume of concrete in the tension zone is...

Formulas for Calculating Different Properties of Concrete from Compressive Strength

The most basic test done on concrete in most laboratories is the compressive strength test. Sometimes other properties of concrete such as...

Most Read

New Publication Alert: Structural Analysis and Design of Industrial Portal Frames

Buildings with large spans are very common in business parks, industrial complexes, warehouses, places of worship, leisure houses, and sports complexes....

Which Engineering Judgement Informed this Decision?

Looking at the image above, it can be seen that the contractor lapped and cranked the column reinforcement to an entirely...

Application of Wind Load to Shear Walls – A Manual Approach

The higher a building a goes, the higher the effects of lateral forces such as wind on the structure become. ...

Normally Consolidated and Overconsolidated Soils

When a saturated clay is subjected to external pressure, the pressure is initially taken up by the water in the pores thereby...
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